It is normal for first-time parents to worry about whether they are prepared or not for meeting the demands of a newborn. However, there’s no need to fret because you’re not the only one who feels this way. When it’s time to bring their newborn baby home from the hospital, many new parents are unsure of what to expect.
To help you care for your newborn, India, KKart gives you this guide that includes everything from burping your baby to clothing him and to trimming his tiny nails. All of this can be overwhelming at times, however, with just a little practice, you’ll be a pro in no time.
How to handle a newborn
First-time parents can find it scary to hold a newborn baby because they are small and fragile. To help you be comfortable handling your baby, here are some basic tips you should know.
- Always wash your hands before handling your newborn. Babies do not have a strong immune system like adults which is why they are more prone to getting sick. To avoid this, it’s vital to always wash your hands thoroughly before handling your baby especially when you’ve just got home from work.
- Support the head and neck. It’s vital to cradle the head of your newborn when you carry them. Make sure that you support their head whenever you pick them up, carry them upright or when laying them on the bed.
- Never shake your baby when you’re frustrated. Shaking your baby can cause serious injuries especially bleeding to the brain that can lead to death. If you’re going to wake them up from their sleep, don’t shake them. Instead, you can wake them up by tickling their feet or gently caressing their cheek.
- Before travelling with your baby, make sure that they are safely and securely fastened into the stroller or car seat. You should also limit any possible activity that can be too rough or bouncy for them.
Spending time with your baby
Bonding with your child is one of the most enjoyable aspects of infant care. This occurs during the critical time that is right after birth wherein parents form a deep emotional connection with their newborns. These emotional bonds can be strengthened through physical love such as bonding with them.
The emotional growth of newborns is affected by their attachment, which has an impact on other aspects of their development, such as physical growth. For children to thrive, they need unconditional love from their parents.
Start bonding with your baby by cradling them and gently stroking their head or cheek in different ways. Also, premature infants and those with medical conditions can benefit from infant massages.
Massage therapy for infants has been shown to improve the bonding process and aid in the growth and development of the child. If you’re not sure whether you’re doing the right massage, you can ask your doctor for advice on books and videos on infant massages.
To boost your bonding with your newborn, you can also make use of vocal sounds such as talking to them, singing and telling them bedtime stories before going to sleep. Listening and talking to your baby can help stimulate your baby’s hearing and help them identify words as they grow.
How to change your baby’s diaper
As a first-time parent, changing your baby’s diaper can be a challenging part of your job as a parent. However, it’s one of the most crucial parts of taking care of your baby. Changing your baby’s diaper is important to prevent irritation or rash from developing on your newborn’s skin.
To help you ace changing your baby’s diaper stress-free, here are the diaper essentials you’ll need for a stress-free diaper changing experience.
- Make sure you have a spare diaper whenever you go out. You’ll never know when you’ll need to change your baby’s diaper especially when they poop. Having a spare diaper with you when you’re out with your baby will make your diaper changing process less stressful.
- Always carry cotton balls and wipes. For newborns that are less than a month old, especially those with diaper rash, you can use a cotton ball soaked in warm water to clean your baby’s butt. For babies older than a month, you can use a baby wipe that is hypoallergenic and is alcohol and fragrant free.
- You’ll never know when your baby’s diaper will look. That is why it’s crucial to always bring an extra set of baby clothes with you especially when you’re outside.
- Always have an ointment to soothe your baby’s skin if they have diaper rash. Ointments are good to relieve itch and redness to keep your baby’s bum supple and smooth.
- Sing or talk to your baby while you change their diaper to keep them entertained and prevent them from moving around.
Feeding and burping
As a general rule, newborns should be fed whenever they seem in need of nourishment. By wailing, placing your fingers in his or her mouth, and making sucking noises, your infant can signal to you that they are hungry.
Feeding a newborn baby every two to three hours is essential for their health. Each breast should be given roughly 10–15 minutes of nursing time by a lactating mother. Also, you can expect your infant to eat roughly 2–3 ounces (60–90 milliliters) of formula per meal.
For some babies, it is necessary to wake them up several times a night to ensure that they are eating enough. If your infant isn’t interested in drinking milk, you should contact your child’s pediatrician.
As a breastfeeding mother, it can be challenging to tell if your baby is getting enough nourishment. As long as your kid seems content, pees frequently are sleeping soundly and gaining weight, then it means your baby is eating enough.
Observing how full your breasts are before and after feeding your baby is another way to assess if your baby is getting enough milk. If you’re concerned about your child’s growth or eating schedule, make an appointment with your doctor.
During feedings, babies often swallow air and become irritable. Burp your baby frequently to help prevent this. Your newborn should be burped at least after 2–3 ounces (60–90 mL) if you are bottle-feeding or every time you breastfeed.
If your baby is upset or gassy, try burping him after every ounce of bottle feeding or after five minutes of breastfeeding to see if that helps.
If you’re unsure about how to burp your baby, try these burping tips.
- When burping, let your baby lay their head on your arm when you feed them. Using your other hand, pat the baby’s back while supporting his or her head and back.
- Using only one hand, cradle your baby’s chin in the palm of your hand and rest your hand on the heel of your baby’s chest. Just be careful not to grab the baby’s chin or that. Then, gently pat your baby’s back with the other hand.
- The best way to hold a baby is to place them face down on your lap. Gently pat or rub your baby’s back while supporting and elevating his or her head.
A few minutes after burping, try feeding your baby again. If your child still has not burped, try changing the baby’s position. Remember to also keep your newborn in an upright position for at least 10–15 minutes after feeding time to prevent them from vomiting.
First-time parents can be astonished to hear that their infant, who seems dependent on them 24 hours a day, actually sleeps for up to 16 hours a day. However, keep in mind that babies’ digestive systems are so little that they need to be fed every few hours. They should also be awakened if they’ve gone more than four hours without any nourishment or more often if your doctor is concerned about weight gain.
At 3 months, most babies sleep through the night for 6–8 hours. If yours doesn’t, don’t worry. If your baby is gaining weight and appears to be healthy, don’t worry if he or she hasn’t slept through the night by the time he or she is 3 months old.
Keeping babies on their backs reduces the incidence of SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome). There are also safe sleeping practices, such as not using stuffed animals, blankets or quilts in the crib or bassinet that can suffocate a baby.
To avoid the formation of a flat area on one side of your baby’s head, be sure to rotate the position of your baby’s head every night.
It’s not uncommon for babies to take long naps in the afternoon. However, it’s still important for them to sleep at night. To avoid letting them sleep for too long in the afternoon, talk or play with your baby when he or she wakes up during the day. By doing this, you’ll keep them awake and attentive for the rest of the day without sleeping too much.
Best food portion sizes
When feeding your baby, the general serving size guidelines can be helpful. However, remember that every newborn is different. It’s totally natural for your baby to gobble down one spoon and even have seconds or thirds of them clamp her small mouth shut the next.
Try not to worry if your cutie’s hunger isn’t always precisely the same, or if what she chooses to eat doesn’t quite match up with the suggested amounts.
Forcing your baby to eat when they’re not interested won’t be efficient for both you and your baby. Over time, force-feeding your baby can make it harder for them to tune in to her body’s natural hunger and fullness cues.
You can be apprehensive about caring for a newborn, but once you establish a pattern and become an expert parent, everything will be second nature to you. If ever you experience some problems, your doctor should be able to point you in the right direction.
For more baby care tips, visit our site India, KKart.